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Suvastu of the Aryan and the present day river Swat commences at Kalam with the confluence of Ushu and Utror Rivers and flows for about 160 kilometer across the valley up to Chakdara. The total length of the River is 250 kilometers from Kalam to River Kabul near Charsadda. Many large and small tributaries like Gahil, Mankial, Daral, Chail, Barwai, Arnowai and Jambil and Marghazar streams join the river along its course. A number of streams in the lower Swat, Swat Ranrizai and Adinzai also contribute to the river. The river with its tributaries forms the drainage basin for the valley.
River Swat flows with a higher speed in a narrow gorge with an average width of 35-40m, from Kalam to Madyan; the narrow course of the river continues up to Thalapand (Baghderai). Downstream the river may spreads up to 400m. In the extreme south of the valley, the meandering river once again enters into a narrow gorge and joins Panjkora River at Qalangi. There is a single high flow season from May to August. The variation in the wet season flow' and the winter flow' is striking. A rapid rise in temperature may increase the flow of the river due to melting snow on the mountains. Before joining River Kabul it I drains about 14,000 square kilometers area up to Munda Headworks.
Address: Swat River Canal, Batkhela, Malakand, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa